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5 tips for planning and building your staircase

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Every space is different, so each staircase has to adapt to it. Not just in terms of functionality, but also in terms of its technicality, aesthetics and usefulness. These tips help you make the right choice when planning and building your staircase.

Choose a staircase that best fits the space

Optimizing space is essential to avoid being cramped and planning for the available space ensures that your staircase will fit perfectly on completion. You must also know the relevant building regulations that determine what type of stairs you are allowed to have, the size, layout and stair count per flight.

The straight and 1/4 turn staircasesare suitable for large rooms and can also be used as additional storage space, as they create a space underneath them. The helicoidal or spiral staircasesare easier to install in small spaces but are best avoided as a main staircase because the stairs are narrow, and hard to carry furniture up and down. For a good compromise between saving space and ease of use, the 2/4 turn staircase is for you.

As for the suspended staircase, it seems to float in the air with its freestanding steps. This modern and spectacular design can also make a room lighter and appear more open. Light-weight, the suspended staircase is sturdy and is a good choice for small spaces where you want to have an open space underneath that is part of the room.

Take safety into account when planning

The stairs must be convenient for everyone, so consider each occupant of your home, or the wide variety of people who might use stairs in a workplace. It is essential to judge the safety of your stairs too. In the UK, 12-13 is normally the recommend number of stairs in a flight, though the maximum in a private residence is 36 stairs per flight without a landing.

Stairs that have different rises and goings per step (the height and width) are significantly less safe, so at the planning stage, make sure that you donít need an extra few cmís for the final step.

For private staircases in the UK, rises can be 15-22cm and goings 22-30 cm. This is stricter for businesses and fire escapes. For long staircases, adding a landing makes it significantly safer too. It is more difficult to go up and down a spiral or circular staircase, so if comfort is important to you, you can opt for a grand staircase.

Choose the best materials for your stairs

Many materials can be used to create stairs to suit everyone's taste and style. You can opt for wood, marble, steel, or even concrete. Wood is a common choice thanks to its natural beauty, versatility and the varied looks you can create. Some prefer glass stairs that are generally used for minimalist and modern designs (and are best used where someone will be happy to clean them on a regular basis!). Glass has the advantage of letting light circulate easily between different levels of a home and adding a touch of glamour. Make sure that the materials used correspond to the interior design of your home and especially that they are durable. It is very important that your stairs are solid and support heavy loads. If you want to build a staircase for maximum comfort, it is advisable to use a walking height between 16 and 17 cm and a lap of 30 cm.

Use stair design software or a standard staircase

If you work in carpentry and regularly design or build stairs, then stair design software will help you to plan the exact measurements for your stairs, where you need to cut, etc.If youíre looking to place stairs in your own home, we recommend careful planning and buying a standard staircase that suits your needs, or working with a professional to create tailor-made stairs. A staircase that is well designed will not only be practical and enhance the character of your home, but it will also be safer.

With a tailor-made solution, the best professional stair designers will be those who listen to your requirements and respect your decisions when it comes to the type of staircase and material to use, but who will also provide their own suggestions and build the stairs with precision and accuracy.

The stairs must fit into your budget

When choosing your stairs, you must also consider your budget. By setting an approximate cost, you'll be better able to determine the type of materials and stair style you need. For example, aluminum stairs are more affordable than wooden stairs, but there are different styles made of two materials that correspond to different price ranges. Find the type of stairs that you like and ask for quotes to compare, and you will discover if your budget is sufficient for the type of stairs that you have in mind.

When it comes to planning your stair design, you need to make sure that you have made the right decision and that you have made the best choice in terms of space, usage and safety. Making changes later isnít easy, so take the time to choose the right stairs for you and your family.

With these tips and the help of a professional, you will be able to get the right staircase for your home.

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